Alexey Pertsev case 的胜算如何?

Alexey Pertsev 是一个程序员,开发了一个叫Torn 的web3 应用,这个应用可以被用于洗钱。

Alexey 被关押在荷兰的监狱,我不了解荷兰和美国的引渡法案,如果按照澳洲的法律来推算TORN这个case 我觉得Alexey赢面很大。根据澳洲法律有以下几个原因。

1 违反了法律不可回溯原则:

What is the scope of the prohibition on retrospective criminal laws? A person may not normally be prosecuted for acts that were not criminal offences at the time they were committed. Further, laws should generally not impose a greater punishment than that which would have been available at the time the acts were done. 法律对于过去的犯罪是不回溯的。

The U.S. Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) may not have realized what it was getting into when, two days before Pertsev’s arrest, it sanctioned the Tornado protocol, the most widely used currency mixer on the Ethereum blockchain, citing the laundering of billions of dollars.

这个case 在Alexey被抓的前两天才宣布Torn 是sanctioned 的对象。 Alexey 的所作所为都是在sanction 之前的,因为程序一旦上线,如果需要改动都需要DAO的同意。没有迹象表明Torn 在这两天,也就是在美国制裁之后刚刚做了更新。违反了法律不和回溯的原则。

2 违反了言论自由

The right to freedom of opinion is the right to hold opinions without interference, and cannot be subject to any exception or restriction.

The right to freedom of expression extends to any medium, including written and oral communications, the media, public protest, broadcasting, artistic works and commercial advertising. The right is not absolute. It carries with it special responsibilities, and may be restricted on several grounds. For example, restrictions could relate to filtering access to certain internet sites, the urging of violence or the classification of artistic material. 可以说程序也是一种媒体,他写程序是他的言论自由。“Computer programs are writings.” 编程等同于写作。

所以我认为这个case 赢面是很大的。 哪个律师接到这个case 就lucky 了,可以一战成名。以后在币圈就算是打响了名气。这是一个可以被引用1万次的原则性判例。


美国必须通过荷兰的法院发出extradition arrest warrant, 为啥没有给Alexey 任何理由?

根据Extradition Act 1988是不需要给任何理由的。

12 Extradition arrest warrants
(1) Where:
(a) an application is made, in the statutory form, on behalf of an extradition country to a magistrate or eligible Judge for the issue of a warrant for the arrest of a person; and
(b) the magistrate or Judge is satisfied, on the basis of information given by affidavit, that the person is an extraditable person in relation to the extradition country;
the magistrate or Judge shall issue a warrant, in the statutory form, for the arrest of the person.


“To me, it’s more like they don’t have to explain anything, they’re just doing me a favor” in showing him legal documents for his case, Pertsev said of his Kafkaesque ordeal, in a statement given to CoinDesk early in November. “It doesn’t look like I’m here by any law.”

这就是为什么Alexey 说没有任何人给他解释任何事情。做报道的记者不能理解,或者是故意不做解释营造新闻效果就不得而知了。